This chapter discusses how collective bargaining and the voice of workers can be flexible instruments that complement labour market regulation to promote a more profitable and inclusive future for work. This chapter examines the type of state intervention that may be needed to keep bargaining systems healthy and make the most of collective bargaining in a changing world of work. Finally, the chapter outlines how existing institutions and social partners are adapting to new labour market challenges, as well as the role of emerging actors and practices. In typical negotiations, a union will negotiate with an original employer to reach an agreement that will then become the model for future agreements with other employers in the sector. This chapter assesses the role of collective bargaining in labour market performance in OECD countries. It is based on the detailed characterization of collective bargaining systems and practices presented in the previous chapter. Based on a rich mix of data from countries, sectors and workers, this chapter examines the link between different wage conditions and employment, wages, wage inequality and productivity. It will then examine how large-scale worker and employer organisations, administrative enlargements, organized forms of decentralisation and wage coordination can contribute to a better balance between inclusion and flexibility in the labour market. A voluntary process that can be followed by mediation if both parties agree and request the appointment of a mediator by the Minister of Labour. This process is intended to help the parties reach an interim agreement, usually during the period between the issuance of a « No Board » report and the start of a legal strike or lockout. Mediation may also continue during a strike or lockout, if both parties agree.
The mediator plays essentially the same role as the conciliator and is often the same person, but not necessarily. 12. As a general rule, a national agreement is a single collective agreement between a national employer with several organizations (such as General Motors) and the union representing the employer`s workers. The agreement is mandatory for all entities in which the union represents workers. Workers may also attempt to negotiate at the national level on the basis of several employers, but employer participation is voluntary. A model agreement is an agreement in principle with an employer that sets wages, benefits and other conditions of employment that the union then passes on to other employers of workers represented by the union in an attempt to convince other employers to follow the model. There is no legal obligation for an employer to accept a model agreement, but only to negotiate in good faith.