The Munich Agreement (Czech: Mnichovska dohoda); in Slovak: Mnechovska dohoda; in German: Munchner Abkommen) or Munchner Verrat (Czech: Mnichovska zrada; The Slovak: Mnechovska zrada) was an agreement reached on 30 September 1938 in Munich by Nazi Germany, the United Kingdom, the Third French Republic and the Kingdom of Italy. It granted Germany the « transfer of the German territory of the Sudetenland » from Czechoslovakia.  Most of Europe celebrated the agreement because it prevented the war threatened by Adolf Hitler by allowing the annexation of the Sudetenland by Nazi Germany, a region of Western Czechoslovakia inhabited by more than 3 million people, mainly German-speaking. Hitler declared that this was his last territorial claim in Europe, and the choice seemed to lie between war and appeasement. The nuclear deal is « worse than Munich, » Bret Stephens told the Wall Street Journal. As a reminder, the Munich Agreement was signed on 30 September 1938 between Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy, France and the United Kingdom. The agreement allowed Hitler to peacefully annex much of German-inhabited Czechoslovakia. On 22 September, Chamberlain, who wanted to travel to Bad Godesberg for further conversations just before his plane to Germany, told the press who met him there that « my goal is peace in Europe, I hope this journey is the way to that peace. »  Chamberlain came to Cologne, where he received a big reception with a German band that played « God Save the King » and Germans who offered flowers and gifts to Chamberlain.  Chamberlain had calculated that full acceptance of the German annexation of all Sudetenland without reduction would force Hitler to accept the agreement.  When Hitler heard, he replied, « Does this mean that the Allies have accepted the transfer of the Sudetenland to Germany? », Chamberlain replied « Exactly, » to which Hitler replied by shaking his head, saying that the Allies` offer was insufficient. He told Chamberlain that he wanted Czechoslovakia to be completely dissolved and its territories redistributed to Germany, Poland and Hungary, and told Chamberlain to take them or leave them.
 Chamberlain was upset by this statement.  Hitler added to Chamberlain that the assassination of Germans since his last meeting, 15 Czechoslovakia, of which Hitler was part of the assassination of Germans, made the situation unbearable for Germany.  On 29 and 30 September 1938, an emergency meeting of the major European powers was held in Munich, without Czechoslovakia or the Soviet Union, allied with France and Czechoslovakia.