In his calculations, Beckley used two sets of Allianz data, the ATOP dataset and Douglas Gibler`s Alliance dataset, to find U.S. defense pacts. To be fair, this leads to a broad definition of what constitutes a defence pact: while there are clearly defence pacts such as NATO or bilateral agreements, the Organization of American States (OAS) has a peculiarity, although the OAS is rarely seen as a defence pact (the inter-American mutual assistance treaty, more concentrated, concerns defence and has fewer members). President Donald Trump begins his term as an outsider, wary of globalization, guarding ability to do overseas and committed to keeping a promise to restore America`s sovereignty. His first 90 days find him in a particularly unique place for a U.S. president – after months of suggesting that some of the U.S. defense commitments may be obsolete, while he was hitting Asian allies in the Middle East and across NATO because he wasn`t paying the United States enough for security. And in fact, the new nation of Northern Macedonia is on track to do so. The formal approval protocol awaits signature by NATO`s 29 nations, a process expected to be completed by the end of this year or early next year. « Peace, trade and sincere friendship with all nations, » Jefferson said in his inaugural promise. « The involvement of alliances with no one. » Alliances are formal agreements between two or more nations. In national defence, they promise that each nation will support the other, especially during the war.

Or think of the South China Sea and its territorial disputes. If China were to cooperate militarily with the Philippines in the near future, it could be calculated that the United States would intervene to protect its ally: since 1951, the United States and the Philippines have concluded a bilateral mutual defence agreement. While the ships are in the harbour, seafarers and civilians provide medical care to local residents and carry out civil engineering projects, such as the construction or repair of schools and hospitals. The mission has grown strongly since its inception in 2006 and now includes troops, civilian professionals and ships from several partner countries.